Dental, also referred to as dental science and dentistry, is a field of medicine that involves the study, prevention, and therapy of oral diseases, disorders, and other physical conditions of the teeth and chewing tissues. Oral problems affect more than 6 percent of Americans, with children and the elderly affected most significantly. The majority of these conditions are preventable through regular dental check-ups and cleanings. Preventive care can save you from costly dental emergencies, such as cavity and root canal surgery, and also help to keep your smile looking its best.
Dental problems can range from simple gum disease to serious disorders like abscess, periodontal disease, or pre-cancerous cancers of the gums and mouth. An oral surgeon performs a variety of surgical procedures to take care of common oral problems. Root canal therapy is one of these procedures, which involves removing infected roots of teeth to allow the nerves to heal. This type of oral treatment is performed by a general dentist, not a specialist, so he or she likely doesn’t have the latest tools or techniques for the procedure. For example, a root canal could leave side effects, such as dry mouth and tooth sensitivity. Your general dentist can offer you the best possible solution to any problem, but he or she likely has extensive training in the care of teeth and mouth.
A pulpotomy is another type of surgical procedure that your dentist performs. When this is done, or after it is done, your dentist removes healthy tissue from the inside of your cheek or lips. Healthy tissue typically helps your body’s immune system to fight infections better. It helps keep your gums healthy and it helps keep your teeth and other oral parts healthy. Your dentist will likely suggest this if you don’t need to have a root canal, but either way he or she will help keep your gums healthy and strong by performing regular dental care.
Another technique that you can use at your oral professional’s office is called inlays. This process uses a colored substance, such as porcelain or mercury, to put enamel on the surface of your tooth or teeth. The enamel stays on the surface for a long time, helping your dental care along. However, this type of dental care is less common and you might not want to get this treatment unless absolutely necessary.
Finally, you might be able to prevent cavities or even get rid of them completely with routine cleaning. Regular brushing, flossing and other oral care techniques to help reduce the build up of bacteria, plaque and tartar that cause cavities. In fact, if you have frequent cavities, your dentist may suggest that you brush more often than once each day. Flossing is particularly important. Otherwise, your teeth can become damaged by the build up of bacteria and plaque.
The best thing about having a good oral health care plan is that it is easy to do. All you need is to practice good oral hygiene on a daily basis and see your dentist for routine checkups. If you smoke, quit. If you are underweight, get some extra calcium and vitamin D through supplements or eat more fruits and vegetables. Regular visits to the dentist will keep your teeth white, healthy and beautiful.