Acne is one of the most common skin diseases in the world. It is most commonly found on the face, shoulders, back, chest, and neck. If you do have acne, you will generally notice black or white pimples. Both whiteheads and blackheads are called comedones.
There are many factors that can increase the risk of getting acne. These factors include heredity, hormones, oily skin, bacteria, medications, poor diet, and stress. You may have acne if you have increased hormone levels, oily skin, or if you wear make-up frequently. If you are a person who wears very heavy makeup or has a poor diet, you are at an increased risk for having acne.
When there are excess amounts of oil in the pores, an infection will occur, which causes the pimples to appear. This infection can take place because of the bacteria that naturally live on the surface of your skin. The most common cause of pimples is that the pores are too clogged with dead skin cells.
Acne can have severe consequences on the appearance of the skin. It can result in permanent scarring, which is why people who suffer from it are often left with ugly marks and scars. Acne can also leave permanent marks on the follicles of the skin. If these scars are present, they will not shrink or disappear even if you cease the acne treatment. People with acne scars will often need to undergo microdermabrasion and laser treatments to improve their appearance.
If the dead skin cells in your pores clog up with more oil than normal, an infection will occur. This will result in a pimple, which will, in turn, either blacken or inflame and lead to a blackhead. If the infection is not taken care of immediately, it could lead to puss formation and puss oozing out from the infected area into the open skin. Pus is the liquid that results from the inflammation of the skin’s pores.
Blackheads are characterized by a blackhead, which is surrounded by whiteheads. The blackhead is enclosed and appears larger than a whitehead; hence, the name “blackhead”. Whiteheads, on the other hand, are not as large as blackheads but appear red instead of black. The skin surrounding the whitehead is also inflamed, while the size of the whitehead itself is smaller than that of a blackhead.
Blackheads and whiteheads can be classified into two basic types, namely the non-comedogenic (NC) and the comedogenic (C) types. The NC type is less common than the comedogenic types, but they both still exist. The NC types do not involve the presence of bacteria. In contrast, the comedogenic types involves the existence of certain bacteria that help in the formation of blackheads and whiteheads.
There are several over-the-counter acne medications that are specifically aimed at the treatment of pimples. One type of medication will help you reduce the pain you feel during a breakout, while another may help to reduce the amount of inflammation. You can use over-the-counter products that have antibacterial ingredients to get rid of excess oil and bacteria that causes acne. However, you need to be careful because many of these products can also contain ingredients that can harm your skin.